Monday, December 26, 2016

ST. ISAAC THE SYRIAN AND BREAKFAST BREAD


St. Isaac the Syrian of Nineveh was born c. 613 in Beth Quatraye, near the Persian Gulf. He was a learned theologian, spiritual writer, and ascetic monk who served briefly as the Bishop of Nineveh. He died c. 700 in Nineveh, located in the ancient Assyrian Empire, now part of Iraq. He is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church, Church of the East, Eastern Catholic Church, as well as in Oriental Orthodoxy (including the Syrian Church) on January 28. The Greek Orthodox Church celebrates his feast on September 28.

Although his feast day is not listed on Western Church calendars, many churches and individuals honor St. Isaac the Syrian. For example, St. Isaac's Retreat House in New Zealand is run by both Anglicans and Catholics. Here's what's known of his life story:

Isaac entered a monastery at a young age, spent most of his time studying in the attached library, and became a widely-respected theologian.

Years later, he was chosen to be ordained the Bishop of Nineveh. Either because the people were not happy with a bishop that was constantly referring to scripture or he didn’t like the administrative duties, he abdicated after only five months of service.

Isaac then became a solitary ascetic near Mount Matout, a refuge for anchorites. He lived on his own in the wilderness for many years, eating only small portions of raw vegetables and plain bread.

Old age and blindness caused him to retire to the Assyrian Monastery of Shabar in Mesopotamia where he died a peaceful death and was buried around the year 700.

It seems to me that his blindness was caused by lack of nutrients in his diet, but many believe it was his intense theological study and writing that eventually caused his blindness. Either way, Isaac left behind a treasury of divine expressions.

Isaac’s writings were guidelines for monks living the ascetic life. It's amazing, however, how much of his interpretations and advice can be applied to everyone, including laity. 

I read THE SPIRITUAL WORLD OF ISAAC THE SYRIAN, by Hilarion Alfeyev. 


I recommend it for anyone wanting to dig deeper into St. Isaac teachings. However, it didn't flow easily because the author grouped Isaac's ideas into categories and the text had many typos, so I wonder about the copyediting. If I were to do it over again, maybe I'd read a simple translation of Isaac's books. On the other hand, I probably needed Mr. Alfeyev more than I realized to help me understand Isaac's perspective.

Isaac’s writings are considered Gnostic as they focus on esoteric mystical knowledge of God. I first learned about the mystical aspect of Christianity when I studied St. Mary Magdalene. Other Christian mystics I’ve posted about are Margery Kempe, Dame Julian of Norwich, St. Catherine of Siena, and St. Joan of Arc. Visions and messages from God are right fascinating. But they don’t just happen. We have to pray our way to them, like learning the ways of yeast before we can make a decent loaf of bread.

You know what? I’m going to go ahead and write his advice as if it were a recipe:
Eternal Love

Ingredients

Faith

Instructions


 1. Understand that God is Love. He loves everyone all the time. Heaven is oneness with Love. Hell is bitter regret of having hurt Love or choosing to ignore or hide from Love. If we believe not, yet He abideth faithful, for He cannot deny himself. Page 43

 2. Understand that Angels are invisible beings whose task it is to be stirred by praises of God in that great stillness which is spread over their world. Angels are fiery in their movements, acute in intellect, wondrous in knowledge, and resembling God insofar as that is possible. Page 45

 3. Understand that God sent Himself to us in Jesus so we could understand Him and His compassion for us. And by the death of His only-begotten son He made us near to Himself. Because of His great love for us it was His pleasure not to do violence to our freedom, although He is able to do so, but He chose that we should draw near to Him by the love of our understanding. Page 49

 4. Take care of your own spiritual and physical needs as a mark of faith. Instead of audible words, let his excellent manner of life serve as an education, and instead of the sounds of his mouth, let his deeds teach others, and when he keeps his soul healthy, let him profit others and heal them by his own good health. Page 70

 5. Embark on a spiritual journey that never ends. The limit of this journey is so truly unattainable that even the saints are found wanting with respect to the perfection of wisdom, because there is no end to wisdom’s journey. Wisdom ascends even till this: until she unites with God who follows after her. And this is the sign that the insights of wisdom have no limit; that wisdom is God himself. Page 82

 6. Prepare for temptations and challenges along with way. For God’s marvelous Love of man is made know to him when he is in the midst of circumstances that cut off his hope; herein God shows his power by saving him. Page 94

 7. Be humble. Blessed in the man who knows his own weakness, for this knowledge becomes for him the foundation, the root, the beginning of all goodness. When a man knows that he is in need of divine help, he offers up many prayers. And by as much as he multiplies them to his heart humbled, for there is no man who will not be humbled when he is offering supplication and entreaty. Any heart that is broken and humbled, God will not despise. Page 122

 8. Ask for forgiveness. Repentance is given to man as grace after grace, for repentance is a second regeneration of God. That of which we have received in earnest baptism, we receive as a gift by means of repentance. Repentance is the door of mercy, open to those who seek it. By this door, we enter into the mercy of God, and apart from this entrance, we shall not find mercy. Repentance is the second grace. Page 132

 9. Release your tears. For tears are established for the mind as a kind of boundary between what is physical and what is spiritual and between passionateness and purity. Until a man receives this gift, the activity of his work is still in the outer man and he has not yet perceived at all the activity of the hidden things of the spiritual man. Page 136 

No one, therefore, accurately knows the help that comes of weeping, save only those who have surrendered their souls to the work. All the saints strive to reach this entryway, because by means of tears the door is opened for them to enter the land of consolation, where the footsteps of the love of God are imprinted through revelations. Page 139

10. Pray with full attention, humility, and focus upon God. Pray as if every recited, memorized prayer are your own words. Pray with trust, faith, deep affection, and tears. Prayer is the mind’s freedom and rest from everything of this world and a heart that has completely turned its gaze toward the fervent desire belonging to the hope of future things. Page 145

So also at the time of Prayer were all visions and revelations made manifest to the saints. For what other time is so holy, and by its sanctity so apt for the reception of gifts, as the time of prayer, wherein a man converses with God. Page 145

Tears during prayer is a sign that the soul has been deemed worthy of God’s mercy in her repentance, and that her repentance has been accepted. Page 147

11. Pray all the time and everywhere. A person can be occupied at this while standing up or sitting down, while working or while walking, while he is going to sleep, until the point when sleep takes over, while he is indoors or while he is traveling on a journey, secretly occupying himself with them within his heart; likewise, while he is constantly kneeling on the ground, or whenever he happens to be standing, even if it is not in front of the cross. Page 162

12. Pray like this: May those who suffer from dire and grievous illness of the body also be remembered before you; send to them an angel of compassion and assuage their souls, which are grievously tormented by their bodies’ terrible afflictions. Have pity, too, Lord, on those who are subjected to the hands of evil, wicked, and godless men; send to them speedily an angel of compassion, and save them from their plight! Oh, my Lord and my God, send comfort to all those who are constrained by whatever kind of hardship. Page 205

13. Read scripture and the writings of great teachers in the church. These two kinds of reading are useful for the man of spirit. Without reading, the intellect has no means of drawing near to God: Scripture draws the mind up and sets it at every moment in the direction of God; it baptizes it from the corporeal world with its insights and causes it to be above the body continually. There is no other toil by which someone can make better progress. Page 175

And by remembering the lives of the saints which his intellect conceives through recalling their histories, and by musing upon them, his despondency forthwith vanishes, sloth is put to flight, his limbs are strengthened, sleep is driven from his eyelids, and ineffable joy arises in the soul. Page 191

Check!

14. Understand that ardent prayer will lead to contemplation and visions of God. When by the in-working of divine grace there suddenly arises within us great thought and astonishment at the intellect’s contemplations, which are more lofty than nature, and when, as Saint Evagrius says, the holy angels draw nigh to us, filling us with spiritual vision, then all things that appose us retreat and there is peace and ineffable tranquility for as long a time as we remain in these things. Page 227

While he is fully in the mode of life of the soul, every now and then it happens that some stirrings of the spirit arise indistinctly in him, and he begins to perceive in his soul a hidden joy and consolation: like flashes of lightning particular mystical insights arise and are set in motion in his mind. But even though insights into mysteries momentarily passes through his mind and then departs, nevertheless the outburst of joy at the experience lasts a long time, and then after it goes, serenity resulting from it is poured over the mind for a considerable period. Page 234

15. Relax into God’s Love. Love of God cannot be stirred up in someone solely as a result of knowledge of the scripture; nor can anyone love God by forcing himself. What is possible is for the mind to receive from the reading and recounting of scripture and knowledge of it, a sense of reverence which stems from a recollection of the majesty of God. Not even as a result of the law, or commandment which he gives concerning love, is it possible to love God; from the law, there comes a sense of awe, but not one of desire. For until a person receives the spirit of revelation and his soul, with its impulses, is united to that wisdom which is above the world and he becomes aware in his own person of God’s lofty attributes, it is not possible for him to come close to this glorious savior of love. Page 249

16. Rejoice! When we find love, we partake of heavenly bread and are made strong without labor or toil. The heavenly bread is Christ who came down from heaven and gave life to the world. This is the nourishment of the angels. Page 255

And so, to honor St. Isaac of Syria and the people of his homeland, let’s bake:


SYRIAN BREAKFAST BREAD


(More photos below.)

INGREDIENTS

Dough                                                                                  

½ cup hot water, between 100-110 degrees F      
1 package (2 ¼ teaspoons) active dry yeast                          
1 teaspoon sugar                                                               
½ cup room-temperature water                            
3 tablespoons olive oil                                         
3 cups all-purpose flour                                        
1 ½ teaspoons salt                                                 
Extra olive oil and flour for shaping                     
                                                                                
Topping

4 tablespoons olive oil
2 teaspoons marjoram
1 teaspoon black pepper
1 teaspoon oregano
1/2 teaspoon salt, or to taste
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
2 tablespoons tomato paste
2 cups crumbled feta cheese
1 medium sweet onion, grated

 1. Heat water until it reaches 100 to 110 degrees F. Pour into liquid measuring cup.
 2. Stir in yeast and sugar. Wait 10 minutes for thick foam to develop on top.
 3. Add ½ cup room-temperature water and olive oil.
 4. Combine flour and salt in large bowl. Pour in yeast mixture.
 5. Using clean hands, mix gradually until all the liquid is absorbed. Wash and dry hands.
 6. Sprinkle flour onto a clean, flat surface and the sticky ball of dough.
 7. Knead dough for 7 minutes, then shape into a ball.
 8. Place dough ball in a large glass or oven-safe bowl coated with olive oil. Roll ball around to coat. Cover bowl with damp towel.
 9. Heat oven to “warm,” place bowl in oven, then TURN OVEN OFF. Proof until dough has doubled in size, about 1 ½ hours.
10. “Wash” hands in olive oil, then gently punch dough down to remove air.
11. Shape dough into 12 balls and place on clean and floured tray or counter.
12. Cover dough balls with a piece of lightly-oiled plastic wrap and let rest for ½ hour.
13. “Wash” hands in flour and lightly sprinkle flour onto work surface. Shape each dough ball into a flat round disk about 1/8-inch thick. Place on parchment paper-covered cookie sheet. With fingers, create a higher outer edge by flattening the center.
14. Preheat oven to 450 degrees F.
15. Combine topping ingredients.
16. Spread topping mixture evenly over flattened center of each disk.
17. Bake for 15 minutes or until edges turn light brown. Serve hot.










Bonus Material:

A Way to Help Syrian Refugees


I first met Dana Sachs at our children's preschool. We spent many hours together as we both had two children attend the school. It was a parent co-op, so we had plenty of time to get to know each other with one hand holding the hip baby and the other hand pushing the preschooler on the swing.

Dana is the author of:

THE SECRET OF NIGHTGALE PALACE
IF YOU LIVED HERE
THE LIFE WE WERE GIVEN: OPERATION BABYLIFT, INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION, AND THE CHILDREN OF WAR IN VIETNAM
THE HOUSE ON DREAM STREET: MEMOIR OF AN AMERICAN WOMAN IN VIETNAM

More information about Dana and her books can be found on her author website.

As our children attended different elementary schools, we had lost touch over the years. But now, with our children in college and high school, we had reconnected through our gun-safety activism. That’s when I learned about her volunteer efforts with Syrian and other refugees in Greece. Dana agreed to an interview, so we can let you know about the boots-the-ground operations she supports.

How did you get started?

My friend, Kathryn Winogura, who works with refugees in California, told me that she was going to Greece to volunteer with the relief movement. Once I heard her describe the situation, I decided to go with her so that I could better understand it for myself. After that first trip, in April 2016, I returned in July and will return in early January. (Update about January trip below.)

Who you are working with?

We work with small-scale volunteer groups, both as volunteers on the ground and by providing funds so that they can do their work. Some of the groups we’ve either volunteered with or supported financially include the Norwegian group, Drop in the Ocean, a meal distribution team called Hot Food Idomeni, and an education team called the Schoolbox Project.

How did your previous trips go?

They’ve gone extremely well. On each trip, I’ve learned more about the crisis and increased our fundraising. We contributed in a lot of ways -- funded a model bike-sharing project for refugees in a camp in Northern Greece, bought kitchen appliances for the community of 400 refugees living in an abandoned school building in Athens, helped fund a community center in a camp in Athens, and supported many other projects.

What were your biggest impressions?

Governments and large-aid organizations have a mixed record in their ability to address the humanitarian needs of this crisis. Small independent groups, often run on a shoestring, have stepped in to help in varied and meaningful ways. Seeing their success inspires me, but I’m disappointed that the European Union and large-aid organizations aren’t doing a better job.

Do the refugees in Greece have enough to eat?

At this point, most refugees have access to basic food, but the meals they receive are often insubstantial, tasteless, and of poor nutritional quality. The system is working poorly.

How can we help?

By donating at our fundraiser Humanity Now: Direct Refugee Relief.

Here’s more information from my latest update to our contributors:

As winter arrives and refugees in Greece try to stay warm and dry, our group, is planning to return to Athens in January. Five of us are making this journey, and we will join the volunteer team at Schoolbox Project, which offers trauma-informed education and support to children in the refugee camps. We will be working in Athens at Elliniko Camp, where hundreds of refugees are living in an abandoned airport terminal.

As on earlier visits, I continue to collect funds to help support efforts on the ground throughout Greece. All volunteers in our group pay all their own travel expenses, so every dollar we raise goes directly toward supporting refugees in need. 

While governments debate how to address the world's growing migrant and refugee problem, these displaced people continue to suffer. If you would like to send money to help, I promise to do my very best to spend it wisely and efficiently, collaborating on the ground with experienced volunteers who have been working productively for months.

If you have any questions, please contact me at danasachs@gmail.com. Thank you!

Update: March 2, 2017

How did the January trip go?


Our group Humanity Now: Direct Refugee Relief spent several weeks in Greece in January. On that trip, we spent a great deal of time working to help improve conditions in the squats in Athens. Squats are abandoned buildings that have been taken over by refugee groups. They aren’t legal, but the government allows them because these people might otherwise be living on the streets. Several of the squats are former schools, so families sleep in tents inside of old classrooms. There are also several hotels being used as squats. In these places, families are more likely to have their own private rooms and even sometimes bathrooms. 

One squat that we visited provides housing to men who have no families with them. These people often suffer in worse conditions than family groups—they always have to go to the end of the line, so to speak. The squat for men allows these people to form a community together, which can serve as a sort of family for them. Conditions are very difficult here, but at least they have some support. 

In all of these places, our funds went toward supplying basic needs (things like fresh produce, tea, coffee, soap, kitchen sponges) and also buying things that will make life easier for the longer term (washing machines, bread-baking ovens, art supplies for children, mops). We purchased soccer shoes for two teams of young men who play in a refugee league. Soccer shoes are not a life necessity, but they bring joy to people who have very little to feel joyful about these days, so it made us very happy to be able to help in that way. 

In order to protect their privacy, Humanity Now volunteers make it a point not to post photos of the people they are helping. Instead, Dana shared photos of some of the items they purchased with donated funds:










Here's Humanity Now's specific hope for the future:


We plan to go back to Greece in June. On that visit, we plan to check back in with the squats and use our funds to try to improve the quality of life for these people. We also find that our funds can go toward unexpected expenses. For example, a young Afghan girl needed a pair of glasses, and so we bought her a pair (and paid for the optometrist that fitted her). We have become sponsors of a clinic in suburban Athens that needs pharmaceutical supplies, so we will raise funds to purchase these. On our last trip, we spent $7,000 for supplies for people living in camps in Northern Greece. We will continue to monitor the situation there and support these teams in whatever ways we can. As summer approaches, we’ll have a better sense of specific needs and will begin to focus our fundraising on those particular projects.

Keep track of the team's efforts and donate, if you can, at Humanity Now: Direct Refugee Relief.

1 comment:

Rebecca Petruck said...

Wow, this is gorgeous: "Understand that God is Love. He loves everyone all the time. Heaven is oneness with Love. Hell is bitter regret of having hurt Love or choosing to ignore or hide from Love."

His notes about tears are like they were written for Margery Kempe! What a great saint to follow the post about her.

Thanks for sharing the information about Dana!